Activities undertaken to eliminate or reduce the chance of an occurrence or the effects of a disaster.
Examples of mitigation tasks include undertaking legislative efforts such as Hazardous Material Facility accident prevention programs and Flood Plain Management programs; and conducting public outreach programs through the community/civic organizations, service organizations, articles, or at public events.
Activities include developing plans to enhance response capabilities and conducting exercises to assess response efficiencies.
Examples of preparedness tasks include identifying vulnerable areas exposed to risk generating sources such as nuclear plants, hazardous material facilities and waterways; identifying special populations which need assistance in receiving warnings and/or following through with protective actions; conducting/participating in a variety of exercises scheduled each year.
Activities that are designed to provide the public with emergency assistance.
Examples of response activities include monitoring disaster agents; predicting the impact of a disaster agent (where, when, degree); notifying other authorities and agencies; issuing public warnings through the Emergency Alert System (EAS) radio stations; coordinating services and resources of various agencies to address the needs of the public.
Activities to return the community to normal or near normal through relief operations. Recovery is divided into two parts.
Examples of Recovery operations under Public (Government) Property Relief include restoring utilities; clearing and restoring roads; and restoring public buildings to provide necessary services. Examples of Recovery operations under Individual (Citizen) Relief include food; housing; and grants and loans.